Baroque and Rococo ArtMaria Ramirez, Shelby Broderick, Kaylin Winchell, Aileen Sharp
ART

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Baroque Art:The Baroque period took place during the 17th century. It was originally from Italy and later spread to other parts of Europe. The works of the Baroque period are very complex, it was appealing to the senses, often in dramatic ways. Some of the qualities it possessed were it was grandeur, rich, and dramatic. Rome was the artistic capital of Europe and the Baroque style spread from here. It endured modifications in each of the countries it migrated to, it also encountered different outlooks and tastes and merged with local traditions. In some areas it became more extravagant especially in very religious places like Spain. In other places it was toned down to meet conservative lifestyles. It may of not been very popular in England but In France Louis XIV thought that arts were important and emphasized them. In France as well as in other countries, Baroque styles soon merged into the Rococo style.

Baroque [[#|Painters]]:Caravaggio and Annibale Carracci were both [[#|great painters]] that stand at the head of the Baroque tradition. Annibale's work was completely his own and Caravaggio created many realistic figures. Caravaggio's works often employed tenebrism, or the bright illumination of a scene out of darkness. Other Baroque artists soon used this technique also.
The greatest Baroque artist was Gianlorenzo Bernini. His work was [[#|filled]] with spiritual conviction and dominated the period kownn was the High Baroque
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Rococo Art:Rococo was an 18th century art movement that began in France. It began as an artistic controversy between drawing and color. The new Rococo style included works of art that reflected this controversy, with bright colors, exquisite detail and ornamentation. It appealed mostly to the wealthy and powerful people of France. It was mostly used in [[#|interior design]], painting, architecture and sculpture. Rococo came in a time when people abandoned formality of the past years and started emphasizing on self amusement and happiness. It portrayed things from romance, mythology, fantasy and everyday life. It was a light, ornamental and elaborate style of art. Because many people preferred Rococo styles to Baroque, the Baroque styles slowly faded away replaced by this new style of art.

Rococo painters: One of the first Rococo painters was Jean-Antoine Watteau whose work was an example of this movement. Francois Boucher was another one of the great Rococo artists. He showed erotic and sensual themes in his painting of Hercules and Omphale. He paid a lot of attention to detail in all his [[#|painting and]] used classical themes.

MUSIC

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Baroque Music: Baroque music is described as highly ornate, lavishly texturized, and intense. Composers during this time used characteristics such as basso continuo and the belief on the doctrine of affections. This doctrine allowed composers to express their emotions and feelings in their compositions. Another characteristic that was widely used in Baroque music was the emphasis on the contrast of volume and pace in the music. Ne forms of polyphonic music started to develop and composers proved their expertise by improvisong complex figures at a moment's notice. Two widely known things that stared during the baroque are are Opera and and orchestra. Claudio Monteverdi’s Orfeo in 1607 was the first great opera.

Baroque Composers:
- Johan Sebastian Bach: Known as Old Bach because he was a very serious person. As a child he learned to play the organ and sang in choir. By the age of 15 he was a known musician and had several organists positions in his town. He was a master at composing concertos and when he was introduced to the Piano at 60 years old he wrote a six part fugue for King Frederick. It is knows as one of the most remarkable fugues in town. He was stricken with blindness and died of a paralytic stroke and is considered on of the most influential composers.
- Archangelo Corelli: He was born in Italy and was a widely known violinist He had a very typical Baroque period, but his compositions were some of the most popular pieces during this time period.
- Georg Friedrich Handel: He was the second most prominent composer of the high baroque era.
portrait of Purcell
portrait of Purcell

-Claudio Monteverdi: He is most famous for his contributions to the opera.
- Henry Purcell: He composed music in all forms and styles. He is remembered as one of the greatest composers.
- Jean Philippe Rameau: Had an extreme command over the orchestra and always wanted to add new effects.
- Antonio Vivaldi: He was a violinist and a solos violinists in concertos. He has a different philosophy that most composers didn't.




Rococo Music:The music during the rococo period was less formal and grandiose in structure. It was much more graceful than baroque music It was a big changes from other styles of music. The music was simple, expressive and had a natural feeling to it. During this era there was expansion of the sonata and the concerto and the enrichment of the symphonic styles. Traces of Rococo are present in the early works of Haydn and Mozart.

Rococo Composers:
- Jean-Philippe Rameau: He was a frenc composer who tried to establish a foundation for the practice of music at this time.
- Carl Phillip Emanuel Bach: Son of Johan Sebastian he was mostly known for he pre classical style of music.


For more [[#|paintings]] and information from these time periods go to http://www.all-art.org/history252_contents_Baroque_Rococo.html








Works Cited:
Pioch, Nicolas. "Baroque." WebMuseum:. Nicolas Pioch, 14 Oct. 2012. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/glo/baroque/>.
" Introduction to the Artistic Style of Rococo." [[#|Art History]]. ArtHistory.net, n.d. Web. 26 Oct 2012. <http://www.arthistory.net/artstyles/rococo/rococo1.html>.
"Art History: Rococo: (1700 - 1760)." World Wide Arts Resources . N.p., 22 2009. Web. 26 Oct 2012. <http://wwar.com/masters/movements/rococo.html>.
"Baroque Period (art)", Encyclopedia Britannica. Print. 26 Oct. 2012